Five men of Pamplona executed this heinous crime of raping an 18-year-old woman in a doorway during the San Fermin festival in Pamplona in 2016. Not only this they also did the iniquitous work of recording that crime. They called their chat group “the pack”.
But shockingly court in Navarre found these men guilty only for “sexual abuse”. The judges found that the victim had not physically resisted, and therefore the violence or threat that must accompany the crime was absent.
Only after an uproar was the men convicted guilty of rape by Spain’s top court after a commotion. However, the uproar persisted, and a new motto, Solo si es si, or “only yes is yes,” replaced “No means no.” In response, the Spanish parliament established a new law that counts any sexual activity without the express written or verbal agreement as a serious offense known as sexual aggression or rape.
Spain now has affirmative-consent laws, joining more than a dozen other European nations.
Evidence suggests they have an impact on reports, accusations, and convictions. For instance, the number of rape cases filed by police increased by 56% in the first year of Denmark’s consent statute (2021), and the number of charges advanced by prosecutors more than doubled.
This is partially due to the fact that it is simpler for a victim to establish that she was unable to consent (due to shock, for example, or a drugged beverage) than that she was physically unable to resist. Danish rape trials that have concluded had a 60% conviction rate, for other crimes it is 90%.
Giving victims a quicker road to healing, according to activists, is just as crucial as securing convictions.
It shouldn’t be shocking that such a rule has been approved in the country that coined the term “machismo” for the globe. Sociologist Emilio Lamo claims that Spain quickly advanced in social issues, becoming one of the first nations to legalize gay marriage as an example. The cabinet also debated legislation liberalizing abortion this week.
Eliminating three-day waiting periods and enabling access for 16 and 17-year-olds without parental consent and making sure that there are abortion clinics in every region of the nation. But not everyone in a nation was formerly strong.
Catholics and conservatives have cheerfully accepted these quick changes. Street harassment is now prohibited by the new law as well. It is symbolic even though it is unlikely to deter many offenders (it can be difficult to spot a passing harasser).
Due to lawmakers who “hate for beauty, and for males,” a deputy for the right-wing party Vox stated in May that she will regret the custom of come-ons such as “Tell me your name so that I can ask for you for Christmas.”
Many women responded by recounting terrifying street encounters. The culture—and the judges—that initially gave “the pack” a free pass will probably alter more gradually than the far right fears, according to Spain.