Life: In New York, Gertrude Elion was born. Elion made the decision to dedicate her life to the fight against cancer when she was a youngster and witnessed the passing of her maternal grandfather.
She majored in chemistry at Hunter College and New York University but struggled to get employment as a scientist due to her gender.
Due to a shortage of chemists during World War II brought on by the fact that many men had enlisted, Elion was forced to work in a laboratory.
She relocated to the research facility of Burroughs Wellcome, which is now GlaxoSmithKline, in the middle of the 1940s, and stayed there until her passing.
Work: The discovery of novel medications as well as the practice of medicine as a whole were both transformed by Gertrude Elion’s study. Pharmaceuticals were mostly made from natural materials in the past.
Elion and George Hitchings created a methodical approach to creating medications in the 1950s based on their understanding of biochemistry and illnesses.
Leukemia treatment was made possible by one of the first medications the duo produced, which let many affected children survive. Other medications they developed have been utilized in organ transplantation, the treatment of infections, gout, and malaria.
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1988