The war in Yemen is explained by maps and charts
How strong is the Houthi? And how did the Seven Years’ War affect Yemen? Important questions were answered with seven graphics. Via Aljazeera
Interactive Yemeni War is illustrated with maps and figures
Yemen faces one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world as its brutal war enters its eighth year.
The United Nations estimates that by the end of 2021, the war had killed 377,000 people directly and indirectly from hunger and illness. 70% of these deaths were children. According to the
World Food Program, nearly half of the population of 30 million (14.5 million) does not have enough food.
Almost half (47.5 percent) of children under the age of 5 are affected by chronic malnutrition.
At least 4 million people were evacuated during the Seven Years’ War.
Interactive Yemen War Humanitarian Situation
Key Participants in Conflict
In March 2015, a U.S.-backed Saudi-led coalition intervened in Yemen militarily, fought against Iran-backed Houthi rebels, revived President Abdrabman Surhadi’s government, and Iran in the region. It is said that it has strengthened its influence.
The armed Houthi Group made an international headline after taking control of the province of Sada in early 2014. They later moved south to occupy the capital, Sana’a, demanding a constitutional amendment and sharing of power with the government. This forced Yemen’s Hadi to flee from Aden’s presidential residence to Saudi Arabia.
In a volatile situation, several other armed groups have emerged, including Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council (STC). The
Houthi (also known as Answer Allah) is a Shiite Islamic movement primarily in northern Yemen, opposed to the Hadi regime and believed to be supported by Iran. The sudden peace talks over 4,444 years failed to break the deadlock.
The Leading Actor of the Interactive Yemen War in Conflict
What Dominates in Yemen? Seven years after the Saudi Arabian campaign, the highlands of northern Yemen and most of Sana’a is still under the control of the Houthi rebels.
The mountainous country between the Horn of Africa and the Middle East shares a 1,300 km border with Saudi Arabia. Running along the west coast is the Bab Hermandeb Strait (Arabic for “Gate of Tears”), an important shipping corridor through which much of the world’s maritime trade passes. To the south
is the port city of Aden, which was occupied by the STC in 2019. Aden is a temporary home of Yemen’s internationally recognized government.
Yemeni War Dominating Airstrikes on Yemen
According to data from the Yemen Data Project, the Saudi Arabian Union has carried out more than 24,000 airstrikes since 2015. Almost two-thirds of these attacks attacked non-military or unidentified targets.
When the air bombing began on March 26, 2015, a coalition formed by Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman defeats an alliance of troops loyal to the Houthi rebels and the late President Ali Abdullah Saleh within a few weeks. There was a high expectation that it would be.
Since 2015, the human rights group Amnesty International has investigated dozens of airstrikes across Yemen and found many cases of US-made bombs killing civilians.
Interactive Yemen War Air Strikes on Yemen
Attacks on Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
For many years, the Houthi Rebels have targeted the strategic infrastructure of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates as a whole. This includes Red Sea airports, gas fields, and oil tankers. Tensions have increased in recent weeks as the
Houthi launched a drone and missile attack on the UAE, a member of the Saudi-led coalition.
According to data analysis by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the Saudi Arabian Army has intercepted more than 4,000 fire-and-forget missiles, drones, and other fire-and-forget weapons in the last five years. In response, the coalition intensified its attacks in Saada Governorate in northern Yemen and in Sana’a, the Houthi-controlled capital. According to the
Conflict Armament Research Group, eight types of Houthimade drones or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been identified.
Combat UAV: Qasef1, Qasef2K, Sammad2,
The estimated cruising range of the Case Drone is 150,200 km (93,124 miles), while the estimated maximum cruising range of the more advanced Samad is 1,500 km (932 miles). This is enough to reach the UAE from the Houthi-controlled area of Yemen.
Reconnaissance UAVs: Hudhed1, Raqib, Rased and Sammad1
INTERACTIVE Yemen war Houthi strikes on Saudi Arabia and the UAE
On February 2, a little-known armed group in Iraq calling themselves Alwiyat alWaad al-Haq (AWH), or the True Promise Brigades, claimed to have launched an attack on Abu Dhabi – suggesting the UAE is now being targeted from north and south.
Following the attacks, the US confirmed that it will bolster the UAE`s defenses and send a guided missile warship and advanced fifth-generation fighter jets there. The UAE hosts about 2,000 US troops, who provide early-warning intelligence and collaborate on air defense.
Saudi and Emirati military capabilities
Saudi Arabia and the UAE have both purchased multibillion-dollar missile defense systems from the US.
On January 17, US Central Command chief General Kenneth “Frank” McKenzie confirmed that the THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) was used in combat for the first time against Houthi missiles fired towards the UAE.
US troops have been stationed in the Gulf for decades, with thousands of troops and important navies stationed throughout the region.
Interactive Yemen War Saudi Arabia-UAE Coalition Military
Saudi Arabia Military Expenditure
Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest importer of weapons. In 2020, the oil-rich kingdom spent $ 57.5 billion (8.4% of GDP) on its troops, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (pdf).
In 2021, the Kingdom said it would spend about $ 50 billion on the army and plans to spend about $ 46 billion in 2022. 4% from France (pdf). Saudi Arabia is also the main buyer of US, UK, and Canadian weapons.
Key players in the conflict
In March 2015, a Saudi-led coalition – backed by the United States – intervened militarily in Yemen in a bid to fight the Iran-backed Houthi rebels, restore President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi’s government, and reverse what they say is growing Iranian influence in the region.
The Houthi armed group made international headlines after seizing control of Saada province in early 2014. They later moved southwards to seize the capital Sanaa and demanded constitutional change and power-sharing with the government. This forced Yemen’s Hadi to flee his presidential palace in Aden for Saudi Arabia.
The Houthis – also known as Ansar Allah – are a movement of mostly Zaidi Shia Muslims from northern Yemen who opposed Hadi’s government and are believed to be supported by Iran.
Years of UN-brokered peace talks have failed to break the deadlock.
Who controls what in Yemen?
Seven years since the launch of the Saudi-led campaign, the bulk of Yemen’s northern highlands, as well as Sanaa, remain under the control of Houthi rebels.
The mountainous country between the Horn of Africa and the Middle East shares a 1,300km (800-mile) border with Saudi Arabia. Along its west coast is the Bab el-Mandeb Strait (“Gate of Tears” in Arabic), a vital shipping corridor through which much of the world’s maritime trade passes.
In the south is the port city of Aden, which was captured by the STC in 2019. Aden is the temporary home of Yemen’s internationally recognized government.
Air raids on Yemen
The Saudi-led coalition has carried out more than 24,000 air raids since 2015, according to data collected by the Yemen Data Project. Nearly two-thirds of these raids have struck non-military or unknown targets.
When the aerial campaign commenced on March 26, 2015, expectations were high that the coalition assembled by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman would defeat the alliance of Houthi rebels and army forces loyal to late President Ali Abdullah Saleh within weeks.
Since 2015, human rights group Amnesty International has investigated dozens of air attacks across Yemen and found many instances where civilians were killed with US-made bombs.
Attacks on Saudi Arabia and the UAE
Over the years, Houthi rebels have targeted strategic infrastructure across Saudi Arabia and the UAE, including airports, gas fields, and oil tankers in the Red Sea.
In recent weeks, tensions escalated as the Houthis started launching drone and missile attacks on the UAE – a member of a Saudi-led coalition.
According to a data analysis by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Saudi Arabia’s military has intercepted more than 4,000 Houthi missiles, drones, and other standoff weapons over the past five years.
In response, the coalition has stepped up attacks in Saada province, northern Yemen, and the Houthi-controlled capital, Sanaa.
According to the Conflict Armament Research group, eight types of Houthi-made drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), have been identified:
Combat UAVs: Qasef-1, Qasef-2K, Sammad-2, Sammad-3
The Qasef drones are estimated to have a range of 150-200km (93-124 miles) while the more advanced Sammads have an estimated maximum range of 1,500km (932 miles) – enough to reach the UAE from Houthi-controlled areas of Yemen.
Reconnaissance UAVs: Hudhed-1, Raqib, Rased and Sammad-1
On February 2, a little-known armed group in Iraq calling themselves Alwiyat al-Waad al-Haq (AWH), or the True Promise Brigades, claimed to have launched an attack on Abu Dhabi – suggesting the UAE is now being targeted from north and south.
Following the attacks, the US confirmed that it will bolster the UAE’s defenses and send a guided-missile warship and advanced fifth-generation fighter jets there. The UAE hosts about 2,000 US troops, who provide early-warning intelligence and collaborate on air defense.
Saudi and Emirati military capabilities
Saudi Arabia and the UAE have both purchased multibillion-dollar missile defense systems from the US
Saudi Arabia’s military spending
Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest arms importer. In 2020, the oil-rich kingdom spent $57.5bn – 8.4 percent of its gross domestic product – on its military, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (pdf).
In 2021, the kingdom said it spent some $50bn on its armed forces and is planning to spend about $46bn in 2022.
The US provides Saudi Arabia with 79 percent of its weapons, followed by the UK with 9 percent and 4 percent from France (pdf). Saudi Arabia is also the main buyer of US, UK, and Canadian weapons.
Between 2016 and 2020, nearly a quarter (24 percent) of the US’s, 32 percent of the UK’s, and 49 percent of Canada’s total arms exports were to Saudi Arabia.
According to SIPRI, about half (47 percent) of US arms transfers over the past 5 years were to the Middle East.
SOURCE: AL JAZEERA