Authorities and local communities alike have expressed concern about the existence of illegal coke
plants in the Meghalaya state. The unauthorised production of coke poses a significant threat to the
environment and public health at these facilities. The Meghalaya High Court recently instructed the
Director General of Police (DGP) to submit an Action Taken Report (ATR) detailing the measures
taken to resolve the issue because it was aware of the gravity of the situation. The purpose of this
article is to provide an overview of the issue, the directive issued by the court, and the anticipated
The mineral wealth of Meghalaya, a state in north eastern India, is well-known. However, a number of
social and environmental issues have arisen as a result of the unregulated mining and industrial
activities. The proliferation of illegal coke plants in particular parts of the state is one example of this
Coal is transformed into coke, a fuel for a variety of industrial processes, in coke plants. While legal
coke plants adhere to environmental regulations and hold valid licenses, illegal ones often operate
without oversight, posing significant health and environmental risks. Meghalaya’s illegal coke plants
have been accused of deforestation, displacing local communities, and polluting the air and water.
Legal action was initiated as a result of activists’ and affected communities’ concerns. The Meghalaya
High Court received a number of petitions requesting the closure of these illegal coke plants and
appropriate action against those who were in violation. Recognising the urgency and seriousness of
the situation, the court intervened to effectively resolve it.
The Meghalaya High Court’s directive
In accordance with its authority, the Meghalaya High Court has issued a significant directive to the
DGP of Meghalaya in response to the petitions. The DGP has been given permission by the court to
submit an Action Taken Report (ATR) outlining the actions taken by the police and other relevant
authorities to deal with the problem of illegal coke plants in the state.
It is anticipated that the ATR will provide comprehensive data on the identification, location, and
number of illegal coke plants that have been discovered thus far. It ought to describe the specific
actions taken against the criminals, such as seizures, arrests, and raids. Additionally, any difficulties
encountered during the operations and the solutions taken should be highlighted in the report. In
addition, it is anticipated that the ATR will provide an overview of the ongoing investigations, legal
proceedings, and progress toward the goal of closing these illegal coke plants.
Expected Contents of the Action Taken Report
The Meghalaya High Court has requested an Action Taken Report (ATR) that should provide a
comprehensive account of the efforts made by the police and other relevant authorities to combat the
threat posed by illegal coke plants. The following should be included in the report, but not limited to:
1. Documentation and Identification:
-The precise locations of the identified illegal coke plants.
-Information about the people or organisations that were involved in setting up and running these
– The extent of the damage that the plants have done to the environment, such as polluting the air
and water, cutting down trees, and encroaching on protected areas.
2. Actions for Enforcement:
– A description of the actions taken to enforce the law, like raids, arrests, and seizures.
– Data on the number of people arrested, as well as their names and alleged roles in the illegal coke
– Updates on the progress of the criminal proceedings that have been initiated.
– If necessary, collaboration with other law enforcement agencies.
3. Analyses of the Effects on the Environment:
– Evaluation of the harm that illegal coke plants have done to the environment, such as how much
pollution is in the air and water, how it affects biodiversity, and deforestation.
-Working together with organisations and experts in the environment to determine the extent of the
damage and suggest ways to fix it.
– Measures taken to ensure that affected areas are restored and rebuilt.
4. Collaboration with Other Departments of the Government:
-Working together with relevant government agencies, like the Pollution Control Board, the
Mining Department, and the Forest Department, to tackle the problem holistically
– Working together with the judiciary to speed up the legal process and get the right convictions
5. Community involvement and awareness:
– Initiatives taken to make local communities more aware of the dangers posed by illegal coke
plants and the significance of reporting such activities.
– Measures taken to include the communities that live nearby in the monitoring and reporting of
illegal coke plants.
-Supporting and assisting affected communities throughout the rehabilitation and enforcement
A significant step toward addressing this pressing issue is the Meghalaya High Court’s order to the
Director General of Police (DGP) to submit an Action Taken Report (ATR) regarding the illegal coke
plants in Meghalaya. The identification, enforcement actions, environmental impact assessment,
coordination with other government departments, and community engagement efforts are expected to
be detailed in the ATR. The court wants to ensure the closure of these illegal coke plants and lessen
the harm they do to the environment and society by holding the authorities accountable.