Rohingya are the most practised and uncontroversial topic, not only in India but also worldwide. First, we have to know who is the Rohingya. Rohingya is an ancient Sunni Muslim community that used to live in Myanmar Before the Rohingya Genocide in 2017. But now they are stateless and the most exploited refugees. They are spreading out in various parts of this world like Vietnam, Malaysia, Bangladesh, India, Thailand, and Indonesia.
So, the question is why did the Rohingya leave Myanmar? why they left their home, why they separated from their family and their community? , their soil and became a stateless community?
Myanmar is a Buddhist country. For decades an estimated 1.4 million Rohingya Muslims lived in the border area of Myanmar and Bangladesh, which is known as the Rakhine state. From the beginning, there is a huge linguistic, ethical and religious difference between the Buddhists and the Rohingya.
After independence, the relationship between these two communities went worse. The Myanmar government refused to recognise The Rohingya Muslims as a citizen of Myanmar. Day by day the brutality and exploitation increased.
The Muslim women got raped, people got murdered by the Buddhists of Myanmar and a big question mark arose for the security of these Rohingya Muslims. Moreover, in Myanmar, the Rohingya faced a lot of exploitation. But they kept quiet and tolerated this heinous crime.
The extreme brutality took place in the year 2017 in August when the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) killed 6700 Rohingya in the first month of the attack and the Myanmar security forces also openly fired on the fleeing Muslim civilians, not only that even they also planted landmines in the border area which was used by the Rohingya Muslims to flee to Bangladesh.
After this attack, the Rohingya Muslims completely abandon the Rakhine state of Myanmar. The monstrous attack on the Rohingya had shaken the world. The brutality, the exploitation they faced for years are beyond explanation and Intolerable.
The story is not ended yet, In the countries, they flee like Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, and Malaysia, in there also faced inhuman behaviour. Firstly, most of the countries rejected them as they were overpopulated and the Rohingya are staying in a refugee camp for years now in a very unhealthy environment, without proper food, proper water supply, education and even proper shelter. The basic needs of human food, clothing and shelter are taken away from them.
The question is what they wish for the Myanmar government, the Bangladesh government, the Indian government and to the world. All they really ask for is an identity, proper shelter, two proper meals a day, water, and education. But surprisingly all the governments have failed to give them basic human rights.
In return they were persecuted, they get threats, feared, tense, and treated as an animal. Even now the Indian government also want to spine them from India, here they are also facing exploitation by the public. Myanmar doesn’t want to give them proper citizenship or a proper identity. No country is willing to give them identity and now they are known as a stateless community.
In the year 2023 when we are fighting for our fundamental rights, whereas they are still fighting for their basic human rights. Their children are homeless, they lost their families, and they are hungry, but they still living and struggling for their survival with the hope that one day they will surely get the rights they deserve.
- https://www.hrw.org/news/2022/08/24/myanmar-no-justice- nofreedomrohingya-5-years
- https://www.ohchar.org 5. DOC-20221125-WA0005
- https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rohingya_people#:~:text=The%20Rohingya% 20people%20(%2Fro%CA%8A,(previously%20known%20as%20Burma)
-  https://images.app.goo.gl/GXqCF27onXWgxhG7A
-  https://images.app.goo.gl/TYNH5uoXKJwmGZNx8
-  https://images.app.goo.gl/FUEA2PdAt1EMYukUA