The study is founded on a careful investigation of government papers, press statements, media stories, and interviews. I collected all pertinent data quantitatively and chose the most frequently used words and key phrases, which I graphed whenever possible.
It also contains Articles and Sections, as well as other actions done collectively, generally, or separately in reaction to changes and problems in the field of Human Rights, which aid in violating and protecting people all over the world.
A debate about the Kashmir problem can be found here. the humanitarian crises that occurred during and after the 2008-2009 conflict in Gaza between Israeli forces and Hamas, the UN’s perspective on Human Rights Violations, the crises caused by the 2006 Lebanon war, the humanitarian disaster in Sudan’s Darfur province (2003-2010), and, finally, the political, social, and economic crises in Zimbabwe (2001-2010). The case studies reviewed in this Research Report show a number of similarities as well as some notable differences.
As a consequence, they restrict civil liberties in order to keep the opposition from arising and mobilising in society. From 1976 to 2016, I studied 70 non-democratic nations and found that civil liberties restrictions are more likely to increase in nondemocratic regimes. From 1976 to 2016, 70 non-democratic countries were studied.
I found that civil rights are more likely to be restricted in nondemocratic regimes. From 1976 to 2016, I studied 70 nondemocratic regimes and found that civil rights restrictions are more likely to develop in the aftermath of failed coups.
Among the principles that motivate the European Union (EU) are the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the associated UN Covenants on civil, political, and economic rights. (1966). Furthermore, human rights are critical to the European integration effort (which was built on the wreckage of civil war and genocide) and its long-term objectives. As a consequence, the basic affirmation of human rights pervades the EU’s foreign policy and external ties.
While human rights have long been safeguarded and advocated as a value in and of themselves, the evolution of global politics has gradually demonstrated that violations of human rights can also become ‘international security’ problems, endangering the safety of the international system.
Human rights violations, for example, can foster extremism. Refugees fleeing oppressive governments aggravate migratory patterns. Failing governments that are unable to protect their people can easily ignite civil wars and destabilise entire areas, with global consequences.
Every day, startling instances of violence, ethnic cleansing, cruel torture, child abuse, man-killing, and other human rights violations occur. Despite the passing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and specific accords allowing for the rights of children, women, and people with disabilities, crimes continue unabated.
Every day, startling instances of violence, ethnic cleansing, cruel torture, child abuse, man-killing, and other human rights violations occur. Despite the passing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and specific accords allowing for the rights of children, women, and people with disabilities, crimes continue unabated. ‘
Has mankind been abandoned?’ is the soul-searching question. Human rights allude to all people’s equal rights and independence, regardless of ethnicity, colour, gender, language, faith, or political affiliation.
In civilization, all people coexist. “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights,” according to the 1948 United Nations Declaration of Human Rights. People have reason and consciousness, and they should treat one another with fraternal love.”
According to this assertion, every human being is entitled to all liberties. Human liberties are necessary for life. There may be disagreements about the details of human rights, but there is almost no disagreement about the principles. Throughout history, human rights have been violated.
People were primarily oppressed by officials who failed to provide them with basic human rights. In other cases, religious officials were made accountable for human rights abuses. Legislative protections exist but are ineffectual, such as the Indian Constitution, which is paramount a lex (the law of the nation), and several laws, such as the Human Rights Act of 1997. Human rights violations are on the increase, and the aforementioned ‘law-enforcement’ arsenals fall short in terms of implementation. Rights are only listed on paper and thus are useless.
As a result, in the ever-changing lexicon of international politics, human rights have been gradually securitized, that is, understood and operationalized in terms of security concerns, with the EU being no exception.
The issue with human rights securitization is that it is frequently addressed using strategic (read: armed) methods, when other types of solutions may be more appropriate. Intervention, whether humanitarian or otherwise, is always a two-edged sword: military operations can exacerbate the human rights abuses they attempt to resolve.
In this regard, the EU has tried, mainly through the concept of “human security,” to adopt a more flexible and comprehensive approach to the problem of human rights violations as security issues. Such an emphasis would serve to support the “primacy of human rights” as the cornerstone of all humanitarian interventions, not only by requesting the preservation of civilian rights in conflict zones but also, and most importantly, by granting asylum. Their rights are violated when they are not protected or are publicly disregarded. What types of human rights violations exist? Who is responsible for avoiding and coping with them?
A state abuses human rights either directly or tangentially. Violations can be done by the state on intent or as a consequence of the state failing to avoid the violation. When a state breaches human rights, a variety of agents, including cops, judges, prosecutors, government officials, and others, may be held accountable.
Physical violence, such as police brutality, may represent a breach, but rights such as the right to a fair hearing can be violated even when there is no physical violence. When there is a disagreement between people or groups within a community, the second type of infringement happens when the state fails to safeguard. If the government does nothing to protect defenceless people and organizations, it is complicit in the violations. While lynchings were prevalent across the country, the state failed to safeguard black citizens. Because many of those engaged in the lynchings were also state agents (such as the police), this is an illustration of two types of violations happening at the same time.
Human Rights Violation
Despite substantial advancement over the preceding six decades, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) remains a pipe fantasy sixty years after its publication. Human rights violations continue to occur around the globe, with people being abused or mistreated in 81 countries, exposed to unfair trials in 54 countries, and imprisoned in 77.
In 2007, an approximated 6,500 individuals were killed in Afghanistan’s armed conflict, with approximately half of them being non-combatant citizens slain by militants. In 2007, police killed at least 1,260 people in Brazil, and 1,500 people perish each week in Uganda’s internally displaced person settlement. Authorities in Vietnam imprisoned 75,000 drug users and prostitutes in 71 congested “rehab” facilities, labelling them as “high risk” of contracting HIV/AIDS but providing no therapy. Human rights are critical to the European unification effort and its long-term objectives, and all Member States are sovereign democracies with common human-rights values.
Rajasthan police baton-charged private hospital doctors and administrators during a protest against the ‘Rajasthan Right to Health Bill’ in Jaipur on Monday. The bill seeks to provide free healthcare services from hospitals, clinics, and laboratories to all residents of the province.
On Sunday, physicians met to discuss the problem, and on Monday, 3,000 doctors from all regions will march to the state assembly to protest the measure. The closure of commercial institutions increased the patient burden at the government-run MBS Hospital in Kota by 40%. The Indian Constitution protects citizens’ fundamental right to dissent, air complaints, and demonstrate lawfully, subject to reasonable restrictions.
The inclusion of the freedom to a nonviolent demonstration in Part III of the constitution should not be underestimated. According to Section 141 of the Indian Penal Code, an “unlawful assembly” is defined as a gathering of five or more people whose common goal is to use criminal force to overthrow the Central or state government, resist the execution of any law or legal process, commit criminal trespass, obtain possession of any property, or deprive a person of the enjoyment of a right.
Sections 129 and 130 of the Criminal Procedure Code authorise the use of civil force to disperse an unlawful assembly, Section 143 empowers an executive magistrate to prevent the continuation or repetition of a public nuisance, and Section 144 authorises the issuance of directions to the public to refrain from certain acts or to take certain orders concerning the certain property in his possession or under his management.
These clauses restrict the fundamental right to free speech and gathering without the use of force, ensuring that rallies, dharnas, and demonstrations remain peaceful. In 2017, 20 civilian women were killed in Jammu and Kashmir, including eight Amaranth pilgrims, five women near an encounter site, four women due to LOC shelling, one woman due to suffocation of intense teargas shelling, one girl due to injuries from a grenade blast, and 1 woman killed by suspected militants at her home.
Media reporting in a conflict zone is difficult, and Kashmir has faced killings, attacks, kidnappings, and threats from both states and no state actors. This year, a Kashmiri photojournalist Kamran Yousuf was detained by the NIA for his alleged involvement in ‘stone pelting’ incidents, and a visiting French journalist was taken into custody by police and booked for allegedly violating visa norms.
In 2017, there were gross human rights violations in Kashmir, such as restrictions on religious practice, freedom of movement, and vandalism of public property. International humanitarian law has been enacted to preserve humanity in all circumstances, even during conflicts. However, conflicts sometimes progress beyond the state at which international law can help, making it difficult to resort to the legal path. There is debate about the efficacy of using military force to protect the human rights of individuals in other nations.
While human rights have long been protected and promoted as a value in and of themselves, the evolution of global politics has progressively demonstrated that breaches of human rights can also become ‘international security’ issues, jeopardising the international system’s safety.
Every day, shocking acts of violence, ethnic cleansing, cruel torment, child abuse, man-killing, and other breaches of human rights occur. The problem with human rights securitization is that it is frequently handled using strategic (read: armed) methods, when other kinds of solutions may be more suitable. In this respect, the EU has attempted to take a more flexible and inclusive approach to the problem of human rights violations as security problems, primarily through the idea of “human security.