Critical Analysis of the Problems of Education and Poverty in Rural Areas of PakistanOn April 16, 2023 by Hafsa Masood
PURPOSE OF STUDY:
The goal of the study is to evaluate how much a student’s education can be impacted by their community’s condition of living.
Some teachers can be shocked to realize that a certain student in the class is performing incredibly poorly when it comes to performance evaluation, despite the use of many different kinds of abilities in carrying out an efficient teaching and learning process.
By identifying poverty-reduction programs, this research will also provide recommendations for increasing or boosting schooling. For instance, by implementing the new legal framework, which gives low-income families access to housing, transportation, food, sickness benefits, and clothing
- To examine the relationship between poverty and education in rural areas of Pakistan
- To explore the relationship between the role of parents and government affects their education
A person acquires knowledge, skills, and attitudes through education. Whether it be a traditional education or not, every child has the right to one. As a result, men, people, and nations all over the world recognize education as a cultural institution.
This illustrates why it is man’s responsibility to educate both himself and his progeny. One of the factors that prevent someone from succeeding in their academic endeavours is poverty. Due to the many different interpretations and complexities of the term, it is impossible to come up with a definition of poverty that is accepted worldwide. But being impoverished is what is meant by the term “poverty.”
In Pakistan, poverty is a significant risk factor-reducer. It will therefore be researched broadly, which denotes that it will be viewed from a variety of angles, including one national state and home background. If a country has a very low economic standard, which automatically labels it as underdeveloped, that country may be considered to be destitute on a global scale.
The government has established a large number of free elementary and secondary schools in rural Pakistan’s cities and villages during the past few decades, but their quality does not match that of private institutions.
Public schools enrol a sizable number of students each year, but the administration of the schools does not appear to be worried about daily attendance. But in our nation, education is understood to be the process of learning exclusively through books.
This is the main reason behind Pakistan’s declining educational standards. Among the many factors harming education in Pakistan are government negligence, poverty, class disparity, and a subpar educational system.
With the help of 1,535,461 instructors, Pakistan’s 260,903 educational institutions educate 41,018,384 pupils. The system includes 80,057 commercial institutions and 180,846 governmental ones. As a result, 31% of educational institutions are administered by the private sector, while 69% are run by the public sector (Haroon, 2021).
Through domestic educational policy and involvement in global education efforts, Pakistan has reaffirmed its commitment to advancing literacy and education in the nation (Shahid, 2019). In this context, national education policies are visions that suggest ways to boost literacy rates, expand capacity, and upgrade infrastructure in schools and educational institutions.
Through the SDGs and EFA program, Pakistan has set obligations to increase literacy globally. (Hamna, 2014). Urban children frequently believe that they cannot learn until poverty is addressed, which is a widespread misconception. This is a cosy tale since it exonerates everyone from the poor quality of schooling. (Saima, 2016).
One-third of Pakistan’s youngsters are reportedly living in poverty, which has consequences beyond just a lack of food and shelter, according to the country’s economic research. Children from low-income families face more risks throughout their academic lives (Tasos, 2020; Amir, 2020).
Poverty affects a child’s capacity to complete formal education as well as their peer interactions and brain development. Education reform has become a hot topic in recent years due to political pressure from both parties for measures like more testing and performance-based teacher and school district evaluations (Jones, 2016).
There is a vast list of academic issues in Pakistan. Even while we may not be able to alter the system, we can change who we are. If we have the resources, we should attempt to educate at least one young person who is illiterate.
We can cover the cost of tuition for students who go to public schools. Even while sitting and criticizing the administration won’t change anything, we can still get a lot done. Lack of education is the root cause of poverty. If you can’t put in the time and effort at work, you won’t have a job if you can’t read or perform simple math. Even though the War on Poverty is 50 years old and has had very modest success, other initiatives may assist to reduce poverty.
Because of this, many people in positions of authority are indifferent to the inadequate educational system in government schools. Every household member in Pakistan must work since the parents’ income is insufficient to support the entire family due to the country’s escalating poverty.
When a person is starving, how can they care about their children’s education? In this dangerous situation, the government must put strong policies in place for the poor that would help them support their family’s education. Since they make up the majority, the government need to help the poor get an education so they may contribute to Pakistan’s prosperity in the future.
• Secondary schools ought to offer technical instruction. Carpentry, technology, and other technical education programs must be included in the curriculum.
• Offering financial incentives to kids could persuade parents to enrol them in school, so reducing the dropout rate.
• The local government system supports national efforts to promote literacy and education. The community would provide funds for education via the local government system based on need.
Corruption in the school system is one of the factors contributing to the low literacy rate in the nation. Education departments need a reliable monitoring system.
• Any system needs appropriate structures to work successfully. Legislation and organizational structure need to be created to prepare for the advancement of education in the nation.
• Since the 18th amendment, education has become a provincial concern, thus the provinces should pass legislation and create educational programs to deliver high-quality education.
• It is concerning how many educated men and women are unemployed in Pakistan. Students should receive career counselling in schools so they may better understand the job market and hone their skills in line with it.
• Parents should receive guidance so they may pick a job for their kids that is market-friendly.
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- Parveen, S., Khan, A. Q., & Farooq, S. (2020). The causal nexus of urbanization, industrialization, economic growth, and environmental degradation: evidence from Pakistan. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 5(4), 721–730. https://doi.org/10.26710/reads.v5i4.883
- Haroon Jamal (2021). Updating Pakistan’s Poverty Numbers for the Year 2019. Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC) https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/105135/
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