Operation Kaveri was launched on 24th April 2023 by the central government aiming to evacuate the Indian Citizens who are struck down in the conflict-hit country of Sudan. Operation Kaveri is named after one of the major rivers in India i.e. River Kaveri.
WHO IS LEADING OPERATION KAVERI:
Operation Kaveri is led by External Affairs Minister V. Muraleedharan along with the Indian Air Force, and the Indian embassy and aims to ensure the safe process of rescue to be followed.
HOW THE OPERATION IS TAKING PLACE:
Till now nearly 3000 citizens were rescued by Operation Kaveri. The people who are evacuated from the conflict-hit country by Operation Kaveri are transported by the aircraft of the Indian Air Force in Jeddah and Naval ship INS Sumedha at the port of Sudan.
The Indian embassy gave a statement saying that they are not only in touch with the Sudanese authorities but also with Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE, the UN, the US, and others for the evacuation efforts.
This mission is mainly focusing on the affected areas of Sudan and rescues citizens from that affected areas to ensure the safety and security of the citizens.
Ministry of external affairs tweeted on Twitter as “More Indians come back home under #Operationkaveri. 365 passengers have just landed in New Delhi”
On Tuesday Indian Embassy in Saudi Arabia tweeted as “#OperationKaveri IAF C-130J aircraft with 21st batch of evacuees bring 137 Indians from Port Sudan to Jeddah.”
In the 21st batch total of 137 Indians, were arrived safely in the Jeddah port, Sudan in an IAF C-130J aircraft on 3rd May 2023 by Operation Kaveri.
According to the statement by the foreign ministry of South Sudan on 2nd May 2023, there are 2 warring factions in Sudan, they are SAF (Sudanese Armed Forces) and RSF (Rapid Support Forces) both of them agreed to a 7-day ceasefire – Reported CNN.
REASONS BEHIND THE CRISIS IN SUDAN:
In the past 12 days, Sudan has been witnessing massive fighting between the military armies and a paramilitary group and also reported around 400 people were dead.
In order to take control of Sudan, the head of the Armed forces General Abdel Fattah Burhan, and the leader of the Paramilitary group General Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo are conflicting.
In 2019, the widespread protests in Sudan led to the removal of President Omar al-Bashir’s power by the military. After this, Sovereignty Council came into force it is a power-sharing body and led to the elections in Sudan in 2023.
After the military abruptly removed Abdalla Hamdok in October 2021, a transitional government was formed, and later military and paramilitary generals got involved in the conflict and obstructed plans for elections.
In December 2021, a provisional agreement for the transition to democracy was reached, but it was derailed by the news of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) fusion with the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF).
Due to disagreements over the timeline and security sector reforms, tensions over resource control and Rapid Support Forces (RSF) integration grew into conflicts.
The RSF and the Sudanese Army got into a fight over how to integrate the 10,000 Rapid Support Forces (RSF) personnel and who should be in charge of the process. The army stated that it is most likely to happen in the coming two years, despite Rapid Support Forces (RSF) general Dagalo delaying the procedure for ten (10) years. Tensions in Sudan have been caused by several disagreements.
LATEST UPDATES OF OPERATION KAVERI:
In the 22nd batch, a total of 135 Indians were evacuated and left for Port Sudan and Safely reached to Jeddah and flown by IAF C-130J aircraft.
On the 23rd batch, a total of 192 Indians were evacuated and departed from Port Sudan, by the special flight IAF C17 aircraft where nationals from Nepal are enrooted to Ahmedabad.
On 3rd May 2023, a total of 231 citizens were brought back home from Sudan under its mission #Operation Kaveri. These 231 people have arrived in Mumbai on a commercial flight
On 4th May 2023 (Today), A group of 16 Citizens of India departed from Jeddah on a Lucknow-bound flight. Apart from this another 14 citizens were evacuated from the Sudan crisis and boarded on the Jeddah for Mumbai.